The ancient settlement Merke is one of the few ancient settlements which kept the medieval name. The city Merke is mentioned by the Arab scientists Kudama and Ibn Hordadbek from the beginning of 9-10th centuries. They called it the larger settlement. The Arab geographer Al-Makdisi provides more detailed characteristic of the city: “Merke is a meduim sized and strengthened city, which has a citadel. Church was the cathedral mosque in the ancient times “.  

As a result of researches and ornamental ceramic findings, the ancient settlement Merke can be dated to 7-13th centuries.