Ancient settlement Kulan is mentioned for the first time in the sources of the first half of 7th century. This ancient settlement appears under the name Ju-Lan in the history of Tan dynasty, in manuscripts of the Chinese pilgrim Xuan-Jian. In the 8-10th centuries Arab authors report about this ancient settlement characterizing it as a city located on a trass of Great Silk Way. The Arab scientists as Ibn Hordabek and Kudama geographically characterize Kulan as a city in 14 farces to the west from the city Taraz. Kudama writes: “In the north from Taraz and Kulan there are sands, behind them there are stone deserts which stretched to border of the Kimak territory “, and al-Makdisi: “Kulan is the strengthened city with the cathedral mosque. Now it is devastated and it is on the main road”.

In the 13th century the author of the geographical dictionary Yakut writes in his work: “Kulan is beautiful city of the Turkic state located on border with Mawarannahr”.

On June 25, 2014 within the 38th session of UNESCO which was taking place in city Doha, Qatar, the ancient settlement Kulan on the Great Silk way was entered in the list of the World cultural heritage.