The Russian orientalist V.V.Bartold mentions the ancient settlement Auliye-bastau under the name “Abdurrahman” in his report about a trip to Central Asia.

There was a spring with “holy water” in the territory of the ancient settlement. All the year round water in spring has constant temperature of +16 degrees. Water contains 17 vital minerals and microcells: magnesium, potassium, iodine, etc.