26 neighborhoods in Taraz: Akbulak, Karatau, Jailau, Saltanat, Talas, Samal, Alatau, Mynbulak, Asa, Jansaya, Astana, Baiterek, Karasu, Aray, Kektim, Green Carpet, Tonkurus, Baryskan, Buryl and others. The population of the city: 357,663 people (2019). 70% of the population of Taraza is Kazakhs. The city is represented by Russians, Uzbeks, Koreans, Tatars, Turks, Germans, Kurds, Dungans, Kyrgyz, Greeks, Azerbaijanis, Uighurs, Chechens. The city has a "House of Friendship." The Karatau phosphorus plant operates in Taraz in the foothills of the Karatau Mountains. This plant is one of the most prestigious places in the world in the production of phosphorus. Three plants have been opened in the region, including the Jambyl Phosphorus Plant, Himprom, and the New Jambal Phosphorus Plant. The city has an iron-producing plant, an auto repair plant, an auto parts plant and other factories.