Taraz is a city with more than 2000 years of history. In the Middle Ages, it was known as Taraz. The first to come to the city were the Sogdians of the Fergana Valley. Since 1997, the city has returned its historical name. In 2002, Taraz celebrated its 2000th anniversary. In the Middle Ages, Taraz was one of the cities located along the Great Silk Road. Especially flourished in the days of Karakhan wealth. In the 19th century, Saint Ata was Kokand Castle. In the 60s of the XIX century it was part of the Russian Empire. After Kazakhstan gained independence in the Soviet Union, it became the administrative center of the sovereign Zhambyl region, an ancient city with a rich history.